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英検1級の記事 (1/12)

英作文 Hosting the 2020 Olympics (7/14&15の通常授業より)


澤田塾の実用英語コースでは、
英検1級の2次試験のスピーチや1次の英作文のテーマを使って、
まずは、ペアで即興スピーチとQ&Aをやってもらい、
そのあと、話したスピーチを30分で書いてもらうことにしています。


そして、後日、タイプしたデータを送っていただき、
このブログにアップしていくことで、記録を残していくことにしています。


書いた方のイニシャルを掲載することによって、
受講生同士で、異なる意見や考え方をシェアし合うという目的もあります。


英語の上手さや正確さも大事なことではありますが、
まずは、「自分の意見を英語で述べる」という行為を重ねることで、
英語学習の違った楽しさを経験してもらうことにこそ意義があると考えています。


7/14(土)、15(日)の授業では、6月に実施されたばかりの英検1級1次試験の英作文問題から、
以下のテーマを扱いました。

Agree or disagree: Japan will benefit overall from hosing the 2020 Summer Olympics


今回は、最初に否定(negative)のスピーチをしてから、
同じく否定のモデル・スピーチ(英検ウェブサイトより引用)を読み込んだ上で、
モデル・スピーチに反論する肯定(affirmative)のスピーチをして、それを作文してもらいました。


(モデル・スピーチ)
To many countries, hosting the Olympic Games is a dream come true. In reality, however, it almost inevitably puts the host city in debt, results in wasted infrastructure, and puts a huge burden on local citizens, and this will surely happen in Japan.

Hosting the Olympics requires an immense financial investment. It is notoriously impossible to stay within budget, and as expenditures increase, so will Tokyo's debt. This will make it harder for the government to invest in beneficial things such as education and healthcare going forward. The billions of dollars spent on the Olympics would be better used in ways that improve the lives of citizens in Japan.

Infrastructure is another reason hosting the Olympics will be disadvantageous. Huge amounts are being spent on constructing new facilities such as stadium venues and train stations, many of which will fall into disuse after the Olympics. These will continue to drain taxpayers' pockets as they will require regular maintenance.

Finally, the Olympics will create numerous problems for residents. Security and logistics measures taken to expedite athletes' transportation will result in street closures that hurt local businesses. Throngs of tourists will create huge traffic jams and crowd public transportation, and the loud, celebratory atmosphere will get in the way of citizens' daily routines.

While many people enjoy the Olympic Games, the overall effect they have on the host country is negative. The various economic consequences and inconvenience to local citizens are certainly best avoided.
(242 words)



この否定のモデル・スピーチ(英検ウェブサイトから引用)に対して、
肯定の立場から、反対意見の議論を展開することが課題です。

全員、肯定(affirmative)の立場、
つまり、「日本はオリンピックを主催することで恩恵を受けられる」という立場で、
スピーチを書いています。


以下、データをいただいた生徒さんから順番に、
英作文を公開していきます。
(最後に掲載されているのが僕自身の作文になります)


英語うんぬんよりも、どの作文の内容が一番説得力があるか?という観点でお読みいただくと、より面白いかと思います。
(我々は英語にばかり目が行きがちですが、最終的には話の中身が一番大事です)


I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosing the 2020 Summer Olympics.

I have three reasons.
1. We will share good memories.
2. We can promote our culture.
3. The Olympic Games will encourage us to learn foreign languages.

I'd like to spell out about it.

First, I think if we host the event, we will have same experience. For example, we will watch games, read articles and talk about games and athletes etc. I think that we will be able to feel bonds with everyone.
During and after the event we will have a lot of great pleasure.

Second, it's perfect timing. We promote our culture. We have special and unique culture, such as traditional craft products, manga and anime and Japanese cuisine. Many foreigners are interested in our culture.

Third, during the event many foreigners will come to Japan. We will have a good opportunity to talk with foreigners. People will be encouraged to learn other languages. I think especially the young can strongly feel the importance of English.
(171 words)

By J. K.


I agree with the opinion that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.
I will give two reasons.


First, it is a good opportunity to earn a lot of money. When the Olympics is held in Japan, many foreigners will come to Japan. The Japanese government and many Japanese companies expect that they will visit not only Tokyo but also other places to go sightseeing such as Kyoto, Osaka and Hokkaido. So Japan has a big chance to improve its economy.


Second, though today Japan is called an economic power in the world, I think Japanese English skill is poor. However, Japan has a chance to change into a more international country. “Omotenashi” is Japanese policy. If a foreigners want us to help, it’s better to speak English than speak Japanese, because English is the official language in the world. That is why Japanese people should study English more to do “Omotenashi.”


For these reasons, I welcome this event for Japan. I can’t wait for 2020.
(160 words)

By F. S.



I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. I have three reasons.

First, if many foreign people come to Japan, they can spend a lot of money for shopping or sightseeing. It is useful for Japanese economic situation. Many Japanese have been worried about the budget for the event. The government might even have to raise taxes to fund it.
Therefore gaining income from foreign people is important.

Second, by having various venues for sports, Japan will be able to invite more sport festivals or competitions such as world’s cup. I think it will make minor sports more famous.

Third, it will become a great opportunity to show Japanese spirit. For example, we are polite, diligent and have deep hospitality. I believe that these are attractive for foreign people.

For these reasons, I agree that Japan will benefit overall form hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.
(150 words)

By S. B.


I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.

First, it’s a very rare chance to see a lot of famous athletes gathering in one place. You only have one or two opportunities that Olympics is held in your country. No matter where these athletes are from, their performances will definitely give people so much power and energy to live on. Such a positive situation will make society bright and sunny.

Second, a huge number of tourists will come to Japan from abroad. And they may already know about our culture watching through You Tube or something. But I’m sure that the way we will treat them will be much more than they expect in a good way.

Even if we can’t communicate well with each other in English, our politeness and hospitality will wow and amaze foreign visitors. Spreading Japanese culture to all over the world will be a great stimulation for its economy.

Third, if many Japanese athletes get medals, the population of sports will increase. If the sports association earns more revenue, athletes can practice in a better facility and focus on what they need to do. That will help them prepare for the next Olympics and win medals. Giving children hopes and dreams is necessity for education.
(216 words)


By M. K.


I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. I have three reasons why I believe this to be true.

First, many people will spend money in many places in Japan. Most foreigners who come to see the Olympics will surely go to travel in Japan. It leads not only Tokyo but also other cities to be rich.

Second, some foreigners may live in Japan. There is the workforce shortage problem in Japan. If some foreigners live in Japan, the problem will be solved. Moreover, these foreigners are surely harmless and will work well because they truly like Japan.


Finally Japanese people will be very excited. In fact, they like watching sports events. In the latest World Cup more than a third of Japanese citizens watched their team’s match, even though the game started at 3 AM in Japan time. This means that hosting the Olympics in Japan makes most Japanese crazy. That leads Japanese to be motivated to work. They will work more efficiently to finish their task earlier so that they can enjoy the Olympic games.

These are reasons why Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.
(196 words)

By M. K.



I agree with the idea that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. I have three reasons why I believe so.

First, the 2020 Olympic Games will give us a big chance to put top athletes together in Japan. This kind of opportunity is not likely to happen again. Watching talented world class players will surely motivate lots of Japanese children to be future medalists.


Second, hosting the Olympic Games can be a trigger to change our environment in a good way. These days, the governor of Tokyo recommends that companies move office hours to alleviate traffic congestion in 2020. Many Japanese are suffering from cramped trains every morning, but there haven’t been any effective solutions. The Tokyo Olympics can be a turning point that we improve our environment.


Finally, the Japanese service industry could get publicized during the Olympics. A number of foreign visitors are expected to visit Japan in 2020. Even a small restaurant could be famous internationally through online reviews by foreigners.


For these reasons, I believe the 2020 Summer Olympic Games will bring Japan numerous benefits.
(183 words)


By M. H



I agree with the opinion that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. I have three reasons to support my opinion.

First, the event needs a lot of facilities such as stadiums and hotels. So, construction companies can earn big money.

Second, companies can advertise themselves by sponsoring the Olympics. Actually, my company has built a department for the event and hired some famous Olympic athletes loved by many people.

Third, many foreign people will come to Japan for the event. They will know good points of Japan and love our country. If they spend a lot of money, it will help improve the Japanese economy

For these reasons, I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.
(125 words)

By M. S.


I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosing the 2020 summer Olympics. I have three reasons to support my opinion.


First, many Japanese people like sports So it will be fun for methem to watch the Olympics games in Japan.

Second, a lot of people from other countries will visit Japan to go and see the Olympics.

This may become the opportunities for us to experience other countries’ cultures and for visitors to know our culture and become more interested in it at the same time.


Third, there may be the economical growth through the Olympics. Though some say we need to spend a lot of money on preparing for it, which comes from our tax, I guess we can get much more money from it, and we can use it for other things like education, social welfare and something like that. This might sound strange or weird, but I think it is not too much to say that the Olympics will be able to become the key to save Japan’s economic situation.

(176 words)

By T. K.


I agree that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. I have three reasons.


First, hosting the Olympics is a great chance to make Tokyo more famous as a world-class city. Of course, Tokyo is already internationally well known, but the Games will show the world how clean, comfortable, and safe Tokyo is.


Second, hosting the Olympics will help improve the Japanese economy. So many foreign people will visit Tokyo and spend money on food, shopping and watching Olympics Games. Moreover, many Japanese people will be employed for jobs related to the Olympics.

Finally, the event will be a very strong advertisement for tourism in the long run. During the summer in 2020, so many TV stations will broadcast the Olympic Games every day, and people around the world will also see Japanese sightseeing spots. The Olympics will play a big role in promoting the city’s tourism.

For these reasons, I agree that hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics will benefit Japan.
(166 words)

By A. I.


I agree that Japan will benefit from hosting the Olympics in 2020. While there might be a few disadvantages from doing so, I think the advantages will be far greater. I have three reasons to support my opinion.

First, hosting the Olympics gives dreams to athletes and children in Japan. Many Japanese athletes are extra motivated to show great performance to the home crowds. If children see them perform well and win medals, it will give them hope and inspire them to work hard to become future medalists themselves.

Second, the Olympics will be a great opportunity for Japan to showcase its good points to the rest of the world. During the event, a record number of people are expected to visit Japan from across the planet and experience what the country has to offer. That includes not only its culture, sightseeing spots, and food but also its convenient public transportation systems and clean public toilets. When they return home, they will spread good words about our country.

Third, it will lead to an overall improvement in Japanese people’s English ability. The Olympics will provide valuable opportunities to use English. That’s why many Japanese people are studying English hard right now. Consequently, more people will likely become better English speakers, which in turn will help make Japan a more international country and boost its competitiveness on the global stage.

For these reasons, I believe that hosting the 2020 Olympics will greatly benefit Japan.
(243 words)

By K. S.


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